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Mount Putuo

Introducing Mount Putuo (from wikipedia)
Mount Putuo a renowned site in Chinese Buddhism and is the bodhimaṇḍa of the bodhisattva Guanyin. Mount Putuo is one of the four sacred mountains in Chinese Buddhism, the others being Mount Wutai (bodhimaṇḍas for Manjushri), Mount Jiuhua (bodhimaṇḍas for Kṣitigarbha), and Mount Emei (bodhimaṇḍas for Samantabhadra). Mount Putuo lies in the East China Sea and incorporates the beauty of both mountain and sea. Mountain Putuo is approximately 12.5 square kilometres (4.8 sq mi) and there are numerous famous temples. Mount Putuo has been a pilgrimage site for over a thousand years. After the Tang dynasty, Mount Putuo became a center of Guanyin worship. Traditionally there were three main temples: The Puji Temple (founded 10th cent.), the Fayu Temple (founded 1580 CE), and the Huiji Temple (founded 1793 CE).

Mount Putuo Fast Facts
• Chinese Name: Pu Tuo Shan 普陀山
• Best Time to Visit: March to November
• Recommended Visiting Hours: About 1 to 2 days
• Type: Sacred Site, Buddhism
• Opening Hours: 06:00-21:00
• Entrance Fee: CNY140 from Dec to Jan; CNY160 from Feb to Nov.
• Address: Puotuoshan, Zhoushan Island, Zhejiang Province.

What to expect at Mount Putuo
There are three famous temples at Mount Putuo: Puji (Universal Relief) Temple, Huiji (Wisdom and Blessing) Temple, and Fayu (Dharma Rain) temple. It has also the Duobao Pagoda dating to the Yuan Dynasty (1279-1368); a stone tablet with a carved image of Guan Yin, the Goddess of Mercy, dating to the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644); and the “Nine-Dragon Hall” of the Ming Dynasty palace, which originally stood in Nanjing and was dismantled and reassembled on Mount Putuo in early Qing Dynasty. New additions to this Buddhist mountain in recent years include a stone pagoda with 500 arhats in bas-relief, a 33-m-tall bronze statue of the Goddess of Mercy in open air, and the red copper hall of the Zhengfajiang Temple that commands the highest point of Mount Putuo.

Puji (Universal Salvation) Temple (from wikipedia)
In 916, when Japanese monk Hui'e took a statue of Guanyin he invited from Mount Wutai in Shanxi, he was blocked by windstorm in Mount Putuo, which made him think of that Guanyin didn't want to go to the east. Hui'e gone ashore, built the "Unwilling Guanyin Temple" to enshrine the statue of Guanyin. The Unwilling Guanyin Temple was the origion of Puji Temple. Puji Temple is the largest Buddhist temple in Mount Putuo, the temple is also the main temple enshrining Guanyin. It is known as "Front Temple" since it located in the southern foot of Lingjiu Peak. Along the central axis are Mountain Gate (main entrance), Four Heavenly Kings Hall, Mahavira Hall, Yuantong Hall, Buddhist Texts Library, etc. There are over 600 halls and rooms on both sides, including Hall of Guru, Hall of Arhat, Dining Hall and Meditation Hall. Yuantong Hall is the main hall to enshrine Guanyin. It was built in 1214 during the Southern Song dynasty and rebuilt in 1693 during the reign of Kangxi Emperor of the Qing dynasty. It is single-layer and double-eave wooden structure and covered with yellow glazed tiles on the roof. A 8.8-metre (29 ft) statue of Guanyin is enshrined in the hall. On the two sides of the hall sit 32 statues of Guanyin, representing his various appearances in the world.

Fayu Temple (from wikipedia)
Fayu Temple is the second largest temple in Mount Putuo. In 1580 during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), a monk of Macheng, named Dazhi Zhenrong, came from western Sichuan to Mount Putuo for training. He was attracted by the local scenery and built a small sanctuary named "Ocean Tide", meaning "Buddhist Ocean Guanyin". In 1687 during the Qing dynasty (1644–1911), the temple was refurbished and expanded again. In 1699, the Kangxi Emperor granted a plaque "Heavenly Flowers Dharma Rain". Thus, it changed to "Dharma Rain Temple", or "Fayu Temple". The temple has a land area of 33,000-square-metre (360,000 sq ft). It comprises 294 halls and rooms. Along the trend of the mountain from lower to higher are Heavenly Kings Hall, Jade Buddhist Hall, Nine-Dragon Guanyin Hall, Emperor Tablet Hall, Great Grand Hall, and Fangzhang Hall.

Huiji Temple (from wikipedia)
Huiji Temple is situated at the top of Mount Putuo, so it also known as the "Buddha Summit" at an altitude of 291.3-metre (956 ft), the highest point on Mount Putuo. It is the third largest Buddhist temple on Mount Putuo, after Puji Temple and Fayu Temple. Originally it was just a stone pagoda with a Buddhist statue inside. It was built in the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) by renowned monk Yuanhui. And in 1793 during the Qianlong period of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911), halls such as the Yuantong Hall, Jade Emperor Hall and Dining Hall were added and formed the temple. Unlike other Buddhist temples, Huiji Temple has a unique layout with all major halls built along a horizontal line, a typical landscape architectural style in eastern Zhejiang. The temple consists of 145 halls and buildings.

How to get to Mount Putuo
Mount Putuo lies on Zhoushan Islands in the East China Sea. Many of the Zhoushan Islands are now linked by bridges. This means that Putuoshan can easily be reached by bus from Shanghai and Ningbo. There are two flights daily from Shanghai Hongqiao International Airport to Putuo Airport. The ferry services mentioned below are also available but the bus services now provide a greater level of convenience and comfort. Putuoshan can be reached by boat from the major cities of Ningbo and Shanghai.

From Shenjiamen/Zhujiajian Pier
• Take a ferry from Shenjiamen Banshengdong Pier to Putuoshan Pier: 06:50-17:00.
• Take a ferry from Zhujiajian Wugongzhi Pier to Putuoshan Pier: 07:00-17:00. Night departures at 17:10, 17:45, 18:30, 19:30, 20:30, 21:50.

From Zhoushan
• Take bus No. 6 to Shenjiamen Banshengdong Pier. Then take a ferry to Putuoshan.
• Take bus No. 27 to Zhujiajian Wugongzhi Pier. Then take a ferry to Putuoshan.
• Take bus No. 2, 5, 11, 12, 18 or 25 to Zhoushan Shenjiamen North Passenger Transport Center. Then take bus 6 or 27 or taxi to the piers.

From Ningbo
• Take a direct bus from Ningbo South Bus Station or Ningbo North Bus Sation to Zhoushan Shenjiamen North Passenger Transport Center. Then take local bus or taxi to the piers.

From Hangzhou
• Take a direct bus from Hangzhou Tourism Transit Centers (Huanglong Sports Center or Wushan Square) to Shenjiamen Banshengdong Pier. Then take local bus or taxi to the piers.

From Shanghai
• Take a direct bus from Shanghai South Long-distance Bus Station or Shanghai Huangpu Tourism Transit Center (Huangpu Daqiao Station) to Zhoushan Putuo Long-distance Bus Center.
• Take a ferry from Shanghai Wusong Terminal or Shanghai Nanpu Bridge (Luochaogang Pier/Xiaoyangshan Pier) to Putuoshan Pier.

Additional travel advice on Mount Putuo
• Please prepare rain-coat or umbrella in case of rain especially in March, June, September and October.
• Please take care while having fun at seaside and reef area.
• Any open flames including smoking, lighting incense or candles are forbidden in the forest of the mountain.
• The scenic area offers shuttle buses bettween attractions (¥2 to ¥10).
• Visitors can take a ferry to Zhujiajian Scenic area from Putuoshan Pier for a day trip. If you want to back to Putuoshan the same day and stay overnight there, please register at Putuoshan Pier once you have bought the ferry ticket to Zhujiajian. Then you don’t need to buy the admission tickets to the mountain again.

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